The elephant will show indications of itching. Then consult a veterinarian. The skin is important in controlling temperature, especially dissipating heat. Elephants love to roll in mud and to throw dirt over themselves, both of which protect against sun and insects. If papilloma warts are found where they do not interfere with the life process or where there are not enough to be very ugly, leave them alone because the warts are likely to fall off on their own. The eye has three lids to protect the eye.
Cracks in the footpad are often found in the footpads of elephant made to walk in cities or elephants housed on concrete floors.
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The tusk can suffer a great deal of impact force. Eye conditions are a big problem, whether elephants are kept in the forest or are wandering city streets. Some of the bumps break open and turn into nasty sores as the larvae emerge, especially in the area of the belly. Abnormal nails are frequently found in elephants doing illegal logging in northern Thailand and also elephants that spend much time on concrete. If the elephant's condition does not improve in weeks, consult a veterinarian. The elephant's skin is so wrinkly partly to increase surface area to shed warmth from its body.